In every crisis, doubt or confusion, take the higher path- the path of compassion, courage, understanding and love.

                                                         -Amit ray

Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is an contagious disease caused by a newly discovered virus i.e. coronavirus. Covid -19 is spreading around the world  and most of the people are infected with the virus. this virus attacked in our respiratory system, lungs, heart etc. so we need specialized treatment. And in these difficult times we need to be strong with mentally and physically. Coronavirus has sent 1.5 billion people into their homes and millions of people around the world who had lost their job due to pandemic. Millions of people who are earning as per day. they have begun to lose their monthly income and as a result cannot afford to pay rent or residency or put food on the table. Most sufferers do not have sick leave, and for those who do use it, it rarely sums up their real income. In this pandemic we continue hear the word quarantine. so what does it mean & how it act, will be discussed in this article.

The word “quarantine” which was derived from Italian word “quatraginta” which means 14 days of self isolation. Thus, quarantine in legal terms can be defined as

 Restrict the movement of persons/or separation of suspect person from other who may have been exposed to infectious disease or the possible spread of infection or contamination. All my thoughts are on people infected with the virus, families and people around them and those who have lost loved ones. Coronavirus raises human rights issues. Limitations on individual freedom need to be clearly defined in the law and must be just and equitable. Most of the people stay at home because they are, or may be, infected by the coronavirus.  

*Right of covid patient in Quarantine

The Constitution gives the power to the state government to police citizens for the health, safety and welfare of those within its borders. This means states have the right to quarantine an individual, community or area to protect the surrounding community. If someone is confirmed as being infected, they are entitled to sick leave and to sickness benefit in the same way as other types of sickness absence. Individuals who are infected will be sent in quarantine for 14 days or as long as the health service perceive necessary with testing supplies in limited quantity and high demand, citizens are strongly encouraged to self-isolate. In quarantine patient will provided all the facility which is necessary for them in it like house, food, medicine, treatment etc.

*Article 35 Right related to health..

(1) Every citizen shall have the right to free basic health services from the State, and no one shall be deprived of emergency health services.

(2) Every person shall have the right to get information about his or her medical treatment.

(3) Every citizen shall have equal access to health services.

(4) Every citizen shall have the right of access to clean drinking water and sanitation. 

To prevent the spread of COVID-19:

*Clean your hands frequently use soap and water, or an alcohol-based sanitizer.

*Maintain 1meter distance from anyone who is coughing and sneezing.

*Wear a mask when physical distancing is not possible.

*Don’t touch your eyes, nose or mouth repeatly.

*If you have a fever, cough and difficulty breathing, seek medical attention.

Conclusion:- Stay safe at home, protect yourself and loves one from coronavirus and stay alert follow the advice given by doctor and government. Be kind and support another during pandemic/crisis.

Author : Janaki Panjiyar

1st year Ba.Llb(Hons) student of National law college, Sanepa Nepal

Email: [email protected]